Texarkana, Texas (33°25'59"N, 94°1'14"W) is located at the junction of Interstate 30 and US highways 59, 67, 71, and 82 in extreme northeast Texas on the Texas-Arkansas border. It was named for its location on the state line between Bowie County, Texas and Miller County Arkansas, just a short distance from the Louisiana border.
There is some debate about the actual orgins of the name, which was in use before the naming of the city. A more detail history can be found at The Handbook of Texas Online.
In 1970 the area population was 101,198, with 67,813 in Bowie County, Texas, and 33,385 in Miller County, Arkansas. The population of Texarkana that year was 52,179, with 30,497 persons living on the Texas side and 21,682 residents on the Arkansas side. The economy of this northeast Texas area has continued to grow at a steady pace, with more emphasis towards industry. The average annual agricultural income for the Texas section was between $12 million and $13 million by 1970. Crops raised included cotton, corn, rice, soybeans, pecans, and truck crops; livestock and poultry accounted for 75 percent of the farm income. Industries in the area included the manufacture and marketing of lumber products, sewer tile, rockwool, sand and gravel, mobile homes and accessories, municipal hardware supplies, tires, railroad tank cars, and paper products. Also of great importance to the economy of the entire area is a federal correctional unit there. Retail trade, like the industrial growth, continued to increase steadily. The city of Texarkana is the transportation, commercial, and industrial center for this Texas-Arkansas area, as well as the hub for portions of Oklahoma and Louisiana; it is also the educational, cultural, and medical center of the metropolitan area.
From the 2000 census: There are 13,569 households out of which 31.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% are married couples living together, 19.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% are non-families. 29.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.42 and the average family size is 3.01.
In the city the population is spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $29,727, and the median income for a family is $38,505. Males have a median income of $34,155 versus $21,143 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,815. 24.0% of the population and 19.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 34.8% are under the age of 18 and 13.2% are 65 or older.
Texarkana continues to grow, relying on the vast agricultural industry of the area as well as on a variety of manufacturing facilities.